Default User Manager Data API

This section provides an overview of the part of the ETS Permissions Framework API used by developers who want to store a user database in a more secure location (eg. a remote server) than that provided by the default implementation.

The API is defined by the default user manager which uses password based authorisation. If this API isn’t sufficiently flexible, or if another method of authorisation is used (biometrics for example) then an alternative user manager should be implemented.

The API is fully defined by the IUserDatabase interface. This allows user databases to be implemented that extend the IUser interface and store additional user related data. If the user database is being persisted in secure storage (eg. a remote RDBMS) then this could be used to store sensitive data (eg. passwords for external systems) that shouldn’t be stored as ordinary preferences.

In most cases there will be no requirement to store additional user related data than that defined by IUser so the supplied UserDatabase implementation (which provides all the GUI code required to implement the IUserDatabase interface) can be used. The UserDatabase implementation delegates the access to the user database to an object implementing the IUserStorage interface. The default implementation of this interface stores the user database as a pickle in a local file.

Overview of IUserStorage

The IUserStorage interface defines a number of methods that must be implemented to read and write to the user database. The methods are designed to be implemented using simple SQL statements.

In the event of an error a method must raise the UserStorageError exception. The string representation of the exception is used as an error message that is displayed to the user.

Overview of IUserDatabase

The IUserDatabase interface defines a set of Bool traits, all beginning with can_, that describe the capabilities of a particular implementation. For example, the can_add_user trait is set by an implementation if it supports the ability to add a new user to the database.

Each of these capability traits has a corresponding method which has the same name except for the can_ prefix. The method only needs to be implemented if the corresponding traits is True. The method, for example add_user() is called by the user manager to implement the capability.

The interface has two other methods.

The bootstrapping() method is called by the user manager to determine if the database is bootstrapping. Typically this is when the database is empty and no users have yet been defined. The permissions framework treats this situation as a special case and is able to relax the enforcement of permissions to allow users and permissions to be initially defined.

The user_factory() method is called by the user manager to create a new user object, ie. an object that implements the IUser interface. This allows an implementation to extend the IUser interface and store additional user related data in the object if the blob trait proves insufficient.

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